Being the born of King Suddhodana and his wife-Maha Maya, Siddhattha Gotama
lived in great relieve and luxury in three palaces,
which was namely as Ramma, Suramma and Subha. He
lived for twenty-nine years
in the kingdom of Kapilavatthu till the time he
decided to leave the
worldly life and live the life of an ascetic.
Before his decision, he lived in the Tusita
heaven and waited for the most favorable moment
to be born on the earth. He was then born in the
grove of Lumbini, when his mother was on her way
to Devadaha to visit her parents. He was born under a sal
tree on the full moon day of the Visakha month. Sage Asita (Kaladevala) when, heard of his birth from the devas of the Tavatimsa,
visited him by breaking his meditation in the
Asita was much happy to see the child of
Siddhattha as he was born to be a Buddha; but he
because he was not to live long to hear his
sayings. On the fifth day of his birth, when the
name-giving-ceremony was to be celebrated with
the presence of one hundred and eight
Brahmins: in which seven of them were namely as Rama, Dhaja,
Lakkhana, Manti, Bhoja, Suyama and Sudatta They
guess that the boy would either be an
emperor of emperors or a Buddha.
But Kondanna, the youngest of them had said that
the boy would absolutely be a Buddha. The boy
was given the name Siddhattha.
Seven days after the birth of Siddhattha,
Mahamaya, his mother certainly died. Maha Pajapati, the
sister of Mahamaya, who, too, along with
Mahamaya was married to Suddhodana on the same
day, looked after him.
When the prince was at the age of sixteen years old he
gathered an assembly of the Sakiyans and
established various acts of a great warrior.
According to the Sarabhanga Jataka he performed
twelve acts with a bow, which required the
strength of one thousand men to lift the bow.
Moreover, according to the traditions, the Sakiyans
were so impressed by his acts that he was
offered the hands of forty thousand Sakiyan
maidens in marriage. The princess of Suppabuddha,
named Bimbaa who was also known as Yashodhara or
Rahula Mata-the mother of Rahula, however, became his
At the age of twenty-nine, having realized the
unimportance of the worldly life - Especially
after coming across the four things, viz., the
view of a diseased person; an old man; a dead
body; and a loner – he finally refused the
worldly life to live the life of an ascetic .
Then crossing the three kingdoms of the Sakiyans,
Koliyans and Mallas he crossed the river Anoma
and cut off his hair and beard. Then he sent his
charioteer Channa and his horse Kanthaka back to
his father. The horse, however, could not bear
the pain of being separated from his master and
Since then Siddhattha wandered from place to
place, such as, Anupiya mango grove, Rajgir and
so on in search of the Truth.
In way of his search, he come up to Alara
Kalama to learn the methods of spiritual
practices to realize the truth. When
disappointed with the Alara he turned to Uddaka
Ramaputta. But he was not satisfied with his
doctrine as well.
Later, he went to Senanigama in Uruvela and
practiced self-punishment for six years along
with five ascetics, who later became popular as
‘Pancha-vaggiya bhikkhus’. Having realized the
stupidity of extreme asceticism he took choice to
normal food. This made the five ascetics leave
him and go away to Isipatana Park at Sarnath.
Sujata fulfilled the Siddhattha’s desire for the
normal food by offering him milk rice in a
golden bowl on the full moon day of the Visakha
month. That day he bathed in the river Niranjara;
ate the food; and left the bowl in the stream,
which descended to the dwelling of the Naga king Kala.
He then spent the day in the sal grove. In the
evening he came to the Bodhi tree. There
he met with Sotthiya, a grass cutter, who
offered him eight handfuls of grass, which he
placed eastward and sat cross-legged on it with
a stiff determination to meditate until he had
the ability of his
Explanation. Then all the spirituality including
Maha Brahma appeared there to admire him. But
when Mara and his army attacked him; and their
view frightened them they all escaped from there
leaving him alone. Only the
ten Perfections like that of
offerings and righteousness, which he had mastered
in various births, stood by him to conquer and
defeat the forces of Mara. When Gotama come
forward successfully by defeating Mara, those devas, who
had ran away from there at the view of Mara,
came back again there
to celebrate the victory of the great sage.
Gotama, however, busy in meditation
remembered his past life in the first
watch of the night; achieved the divine eye in
the second watch of night; and realized the
Chain of Causation
in the third watch of night. When he mastered Paticchasamuppada there
came the earthquake. Finally, in the morning he
achieved his explanation.
He enjoyed the peaceful meditation of paticchasamuppada for seven days while sitting
under the Bodhi tree. He spent the second week
at the foot of the Ajapala Nigrodha tree, where
he was accosted by a haughty Brahmin; and
defeated the three daughters of Mara, namely,
Tanha, Arati and Raga, who took the last chance
to discourage him.